Basically, there are three types of pruning cuts. Each type of pruning cut is used for a specific purpose.
- Reduction cut
- Removal cut
- Heading cut
This is just what it sounds like – it reduces the length of the branch or stem. The key is that the cut is made just beyond a live lateral branch that’s thinner than the stem you’re cutting.
Reduction Cut – The larger branch has been cut back to a smaller lateral branch.
Again, it’s pretty obvious what this pruning cut does – removes a branch or stem entirely. The cut is made just outside the branch collar (the junction where the branch you’re removing is attached to the main trunk or stem).
This type of pruning cut is similar to a reduction cut but the cut is made anywhere on the branch or stem, regardless of the position of nearby lateral branches. This usually results in an unsightly, dead stump beyond the first lateral branch.